Author:
    Giuseppe Carpani.

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A Game by Carpani: a Composer = a Painter

To celebrate the 500th Anniversary of the great Italian painter Raffaello (1520-2020), we present an interesting game by the famous Italian biographer of J. Haydn: Giuseppe Carpani.
      At a certain point in his book, Carpani tries to create a link between the musical style of an 18th century composer and the pictorial style of a famous painter.
      Carpani writes:
          «Se non vi spiace questo gingillo di paragonare i grandi maestri di musica ai grandi pittori, eccovi una lista di paragoni, ch'io feci già per mio passatempo sui maestri del XVIII secolo. Ve la mando per la vostra musico-pittorica galleria... Io vi regalo una galleria di maestri».

You can notice that Carpani, despite being a fan of Haydn, is a bit Italiancentric in preparing his list of great composers of the 18th century. Moreover, Mozart is intentionally (... maliciously? Carpani was a strong supporter of Salieri) put between two famous adversaries of his: the Italian-Viennese Salieri and the Mannheim-Voglerian Winter. Nonetheless, one should say that the choice of the great, powerful and extra-rich Giulio Romano for Mozart, after all, is an interesting and really both Jupiterian and Apollinean choice (you may even find what may well be a possible Queen of the Night, a Clemenza di Tito and a Madonna with a curious resemblance to his wife Constanze), as is that of a less flamboyant Annibale Carracci for Salieri, with his extra-sophisticated and a bit factitious minuteness of half and mild tones.

Furthermore, you will notice the absence of any representative of the family Bach (J.S., C.P.E., J.C., etc.), of Beck, Stamitz, P. Wranitzky, Danzi, Dittersdorf, Vanhal, von Weber, Vivaldi, Sammartini, Martini, Beethoven, Rossini, Hummel and Pleyel (just for an example), while you find Weigl, the composer and conductor, pupil of Salieri. After all, it is true that Haydn was the baptismal godfather of Weigl, and that Weigl worked also with Mozart from 1786 on on a few occasions, and that he was a pupil of Albrechtsberger, like Beethoven, and that Beethoven held Weigl in esteem.

The identification of the composer Salinas as a master of the 18th century music may be uncertain, since the best known musician and music theoretician Salinas lived in the 16th century (1513-1590) and not in the 18th century. On the other hand, the identification of this Salinas with Mantegna may well be functional, in the intentions of Carpani: an old master who had also the role of setting the rules of art. Moreover, Salinas created the most famous anthology of Italian and Spanish popular musical themes, the De Musica. A few very well known themes re-used and re-worked by many composers after him  through the centuries came from his book: la Follia, El Conde claros, Pavana milanese sive passamezzo, etc.

This very interesting gallery of 18th century composers and famous painters created by Carpani in 1812 can be a valid and valuable insight on the perception and the models of aesthetics in the arts.
      It can certainly be a sort of visual guide to the aesthetics of interpretation of the music of the great masters of this period both for musicians and conductors and can even offer valid ideas to be developed for stage directors, theatre scenography and dress designers.

In the end, for all, a marvellous occasion of listening to the music of great composers of the 18th century, while rediscovering superb masterpieces of the history of painting.

MozartCircle
S. & L.M. Jennarelli

The composers you will find are:
1) Haydn 2) Pergolesi 3) Salinas 4) Durante 5) Leo 6) Vinci 7) Rubens 8) Handel 9) Galuppi 10) Jommelli 11) Gassmann 12) de Majo 13) Porpora 14) Benda 15) Gluck 16) Piccinni 17) Traetta 18) Sacchini 19) Paisiello 20) Guglielmi 21) Anfossi 22) Sarti 23) Bertoni 24) Salieri 25) Mozart 26) Winter 27) Cimarosa 28) Zingarelli 29) Mayr 30) Weigl 31) Paer 32) Cherubini 33) Martin y Soler 34) Grétry

                           _______________________________

1. Haydn = Tintoretto: but Carpani says that the style of Haydn, according to the type of his composition, can be also more similar to Robusti/Tiziano (in this list No. 16) or  Raffaello (here No. 2) or Michelangelo (here No. 8), or a combination of the 4 painters

Tintoretto: his works at Gallery of Art
Haydn: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic

Discover the art of Haydn with Ian Page: Sturm und Drang Vol. 1






2. Pergolesi = Raffaello: 2020 is the 500th Anniversary of this great painter

Raffaello: his works at Gallery of Art
Pergolesi: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




3. Salinas = Mantegna: Uncertain or intentional identification, see the Introduction for the importance of Salinas as music theoretician

Mantegna: his works at Gallery of Art
Salinas: -




4. Durante = Leonardo da Vinci: Francesco Durante, with Porpora, was one of the most important teachers ever of the Neapolitan School and among his pupils we find Jommelli (No. 10), Traetta (No. 17), Paisiello (No. 19), Piccinni (No. 16), Sacchini (No. 18), Guglielmi (No. 20) and Fenaroli. Durante's book on the Partimenti was important. Moreover he was, at the same time, a promoter of the art of Fux, as fundamental (a path followed laso by Haydn) and one of the first composers to recognize, already in the 1755, the great qualities of Gluck as composer (see his comments on Gluck's La clemenza di Tito).

Leonardo da Vinci: his works at Gallery of Art
Durante: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




5. Leo = Masaccio

Masaccio: his works at Gallery of Art
Leo: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




6. Vinci = Fra' Angelico/Beato Angelico

Fra' Angelico: his works at Gallery of Art
Vinci: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




7. Hasse = Rubens

Rubens: his works at Gallery of Art
Hasse: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic

Hasse, Cantata: Perché leggiadra Irene 





8. Handel = Michelangelo

Michelangelo: his works at Gallery of Art
Handel: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




9. Galuppi = Bassano

Bassano: his works at Gallery of Art
Galuppi: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




10. Jommelli = Lodovico Carracci

Lodovico Carracci: his works at Gallery of Art
Jommelli: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic

Discover the art of Jommelli with Ian Page: Sturm und Drang Vol. 1





11. Gassmann = Andrea del Sarto

Andrea del Sarto: his works at Gallery of Art
Gassmann: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




12. de Majo = Giorgione

Giorgione: his works at Gallery of Art
de Majo: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic

de Majo, Aria: Di rendermi la calma (from the opera Alessandro)  





13. Porpora = Pietro Perugino: Porpora, with Durante, was one of the greatest teachers of the Neapolitan School and was the teacher/mentor of J. Haydn and the teacher of Traetta, Marianna von Martinez and Farinelli.

Perugino: his works at Gallery of Art
Porpora: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic

Porpora: Alto Giove (extract with score, Jaroussky)  





14. Benda = Lanfranco

Lanfranco: his works at Gallery of Art
Benda: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




15. Gluck = Caravaggio: Gluck was saluted and recognized, for the first time, as a remarkable composer, by Durante (No. 4), one of the great masters of the Neapolitan School, in the 1750s.

Caravaggio: his works at Gallery of Art
Gluck: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic

Discover the art of Gluck with Ian Page: Sturm und Drang Vol. 1





16. Piccinni = Tiziano

Tiziano: his works at Gallery of Art
Piccinni: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




17. Traetta = Preti

Preti: his works at Gallery of Art
Traetta: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic

Discover the art of Traetta with Ian Page: Sturm und Drang Vol. 1





18. Sacchini = Correggio

Correggio: his works at Gallery of Art
Sacchini: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




19. Paisiello = Reni

Reni: his works at Gallery of Art
Paisiello: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




20. Guglielmi = Giordano

Giordano: his works at Gallery of Art
Guglielmi: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




21. Anfossi = Albani

Albani: his works at Gallery of Art
Anfossi: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




22. Sarti = Domenichino

Domenichino: his works at Gallery of Art
Sarti: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




23. Bertoni = Sacchi

Sacchi: his works at Gallery of Art
Bertoni: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic

Bertoni, L'Orfeo, Atto III 





24. Salieri = Annibale Carracci

Annibale Carracci: his works at Gallery of Art
Salieri: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




25. Mozart = Giulio Romano

Giulio Romano: his works at Gallery of Art
Mozart: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic






26. Winter = Mengs

Mengs: his works at Gallery of Art
Winter: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




27. Cimarosa = Veronese

Veronese: his works at Gallery of Art
Cimarosa: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




28. Zingarelli = Guercino

Guercino: his works at Gallery of Art
Zingarelli: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




29. Mayr = Maratta

Maratta: his works at Gallery of Art
Mayr: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




30. Weigl = Parmigianino

Parmigianino: his works at Gallery of Art
Weigl: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




31. Paer = Barocci

Barocci: his works at Gallery of Art
Paer: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




32. Cherubini = Le Sueur

Le Sueur: his works at Gallery of Art
Cherubini: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




33. Martin y Soler = Carpioni

Carpioni: his works at Gallery of Art
Martin y Soler: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic




34. Grétry = Capo dei manieristi, as Carpani wrote, and added nothing else:
we have chosen here Vasari, that should be a nice choice.
This is the only choice made by MozartCircle, the other 33 are all the original ones by Carpani.

Vasari: his works at Gallery of Art
Gretry: his works & bio at Imslp & Allmusic



MozartCircle
S. & L.M. Jennarelli

                                                               __________________
Read the complete book by Carpani (MozartCircle Library):

Le Haydine - 1812 at MozartCircle Library